Salmonella enterica serovar typhi, the cause of typhoid, is host restricted to humans s typhi has a monophyletic population structure, indicating that typhoid in humans is a relatively new disease antimicrobial usage is reshaping the current s typhi global population and may be driving the. Most cases of salmonellosis are caused by food infected with s enterica raw chicken eggs and goose eggs can harbor s enterica, initially in the egg whites, although most eggs are not infected. The main habitat where salmonella is found is in the intestines of animals and humans (figure 4) typical vectors of salmonella enterica include chicken including their eggs, swine, dairy and beef cattle, and sometimes even insects, rodents, and other farm animals. Salmonella infection (salmonellosis) affects the intestinal tract learn more about the causes, treatment and prevention of this common bacterial disease.
Jennifer c hunter, louise k francois watkins infectious agent salmonella enterica subspecies enterica is a gram-negative, rod-shaped bacillus more than 2,500 salmonella serotypes have been identified. Biocyc:salmonella enterica contains salmonella enterica genomes and metabolic pathways, and provides extensive bioinformatics tools. Salmonellosis is generally self-limiting in healthy people, although long term side effects can occur in animals, salmonella spp primarily cause enteritis and septicemia salmonella: s enterica and s bongori a proposed third species, salmonella. Pathogens learn with flashcards, games, and more for free.
Salmonella enterica subsp enterica salmonella typhimurium is the number one cause of food poisoning in western countries, causing around one million cases of illnesses in the united states every year. Species of prokaryote this page was last edited on 24 january 2018, at 20:27 all structured data from the main and property namespace is available under the creative commons cc0 license text in the other namespaces is available under the creative commons attribution-sharealike license. Looking for online definition of salmonella enterica in the medical dictionary salmonella enterica explanation free what is salmonella enterica meaning of salmonella enterica medical term what does salmonella enterica mean.
Salmonella is a gram-negative bacterium, a cylindrical rod of size about 2 microns by 05 microns, thus much smaller than the cells of higher organisms such as humans in culture, the bacterium will grow on artificial media to form colonies salmonella paratyphi b causes enteric fever in humans the.
Salmonella enterica serovar typhi can cause life-threatening bacterial infections called typhoid fever the uncontrolled activation of the host innate immune response can potentially lead to systematic inflammation, tissue injury, intravascular coagulation, and even death salmonella enterica. Salmonella enterica serotype dublin is a cattle-adapted bacterium that typically causes bloodstream infections in humans to summarize demographic, clinical, and antimicrobial drug resistance characteristics of human infections with this organism in the united states, we analyzed data. Consumption of contaminated foods typically causes salmonella infection (salmonellosis) read about symptoms and treatment of this common form of food poisoning, find out if salmonella is contagious, and read about current outbreaks. Salmonellae are gram-negative motile bacilli the genus salmonella, which belongs to the family enterobacteriaceae, was named after daniel e. Information about salmonella, including outbreaks, symptoms and diagnosis.